Drug Seeking Behaviour

Altering the route of delivery

  • Injecting oral formulations
  • Crushing Oral formulations

Accessing opioids from other sources

  • Taking drugs from family or friends
  • Buying prescription medications from the street
  • Multiple-doctoring

Drug seeking

  • Recurrent prescription losses
  • Ongoing complaints about need to increase dose
  • Asking for specific medication


Presenting with withdrawal symptoms

  • Dysphoria
  • Myalgias
  • Diarrhea
  • Cravings
  • Sweating
  • Goosebumps

Concurrent disorders

  • Alcohol dependence
  • Stimulant abuse
  • Cannabinoids abuse
  • Mood disorders resistant to treatment
  • Anxiety disorders resistant to treatment

Social instability

  • Family and relationship problems
  • Job loss and unemployment
  • Concerns expressed by family or friends


Personal believes

  • Resistance to dose reduction
  • Reporting severe withdrawal symptoms with minor dose reduction
  • Denying dependence
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